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First evidence of Neanderthal/human mix


This news story was published on March 30, 2013.
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MARSEILLE, France, March 29 (UPI) — Ancient skeletal remains found in Italy may be of a human/Neanderthal hybrid, the first such known instance of the species interbreeding, scientists say.

If further analysis of the 40,000-30,000-year-old skeleton confirms it, it would be the first direct evidence that humans and Neanderthals interbred, they said.

Researches from the University of Ai-Marseille in France have conducted DNA and imaging studies on jawbone unearthed at a rock-shelter called Riparo di Mezzena in the Monti Lessini region of Italy, from a time when both Neanderthals and modern humans inhabited Europe.

The then compared the results with the same features from Homo sapiens.

“From the morphology of the lower jaw, the face of the Mezzena individual would have looked somehow intermediate between classic Neanderthals, who had a rather receding lower jaw (no chin), and the modern humans, who present a projecting lower jaw with a strongly developed chin,” anthropologist Silvana Condemi told Discovery News.

Analysis of the ancient jaw showed individual’s mitochondrial DNA is Neanderthal, and since this DNA is transmitted from a mother to her child the researchers say they believe the mother was a “female Neanderthal who mated with male Homo sapiens.”

Previous research has shown the DNA of modern people with European and Asian ancestry is 1 to 4 percent Neanderthal.

Purebred Neanderthals had all died out by about 35,000-30,000 years ago, the researchers said.

Copyright 2013 United Press International, Inc. (UPI).

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2 Responses to First evidence of Neanderthal/human mix

  1. Katie Reply Report comment

    March 30, 2013 at 12:37 pm

    All people started out black because humans evolved around the equator. As they moved north away from areas of high UV light, they lost the need for melanin to protect their skin from the sun which would have caused Vitamin D and folate toxicities and northern people slowly evolved to become fair-skinned in order to get more Vitamin D from the sun. People were not able to live successfully in the far northern regions until they learned to fish so they could get Vitamin D from their diet. This is why black people who live in northern climates can have vitamin D and folate deficiencies. The melanin in their skin prevents them from getting enough Vitamin D from the sun. We also lost the need for larger nostrils as we moved out of the deserts where we needed a larger area to humidify air before it entered our lungs. I could go on and on about the evolutionary adaptations that made fair-skinned people different from black people and even some black people different from other black people, but I won’t. Yes, I studied this in college and I still follow it. I’m not coloring, B4B.

  2. another brick in the mall Reply Report comment

    March 30, 2013 at 8:49 am

    Everyone but blacks are part Neanderthal. Some would way this proves hybrids are superior. lol