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Armstrong’s accusers: who are they?

By Mark Rosner, Austin American-Statesman –

Several of Lance Armstrong’s former teammates agreed to testify in the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency’s case against him, according to USADA and published reports.

Who are they? USADA has acknowledged only that Floyd Landis and Tyler Hamilton would testify.

Landis was a U.S. Postal teammate of Armstrong’s from 2002-04.

He won the 2006 Tour de France — only to have his title later stripped after failing a drug test. He has publicly accused Armstrong of doping.

Hamilton was Armstrong’s U.S. Postal teammate from 1998-2001. On CBS’ “60 Minutes” in 2011, he confessed to doping and said that Armstrong and others on Armstrong’s teams were involved in a complex doping scheme that involved code words and secret cell phones.

Other names that have surfaced in various media reports, but have not been confirmed, include: Frankie Andreu: Another former U.S. Postal teammate (1998-2000). He once testified in an arbitration hearing that Armstrong had told doctors during his 1996 cancer treatments that he had taken a combination of steroids and performance-enhancing drugs.

Levi Leipheimer: A teammate of Armstrong’s on two different Tour de France teams — Astana (2009) and Radio Shack (2010).

Christian Vande Velde: A U.S. Postal teammate of Armstrong’s from 1998 to 2003.

David Zabriskie: A U.S. Postal teammate of Armstrong’s, 2001-04.

George Hincapie: A U.S. Postal teammate from 1998 to 2004.

Jonathan Vaughters: A U.S. Postal teammate in 1998-99.

After Armstrong’s second Tour victory in 2000, French officials investigated his U.S. Postal Service team for drug use. No charges were filed, but the allegations never ceased.

Armstrong was criticized for his relationship with Dr. Michele Ferrari, who was banned by Italian authorities over doping charges in 2002. A former personal assistant accused Armstrong of having a banned supplement in an apartment in Spain, and of disposing syringes that were used for injections.

In 2004, a Dallas-based promotions company withheld a $5 million bonus for winning his sixth Tour de France because it wanted to investigate allegations raised by European media.

Testimony in that case included Andreu and Andreu’s wife, both of whom claimed Armstrong had told doctors back in 1996 that he’d doped.

An arbitration panel ruled that the promotions company had to pay Armstrong $7.5 million, including punitive damages.

Two books published in Europe, “L.A. Confidential” and “L.A. Official,” also raised doping allegations, and in 2005, the French newspaper L’Equipe reported that re-tested urine samples from Armstrong in 1999 had showed EPO use. Armstrong was cleared by an independent investigator.

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